Amphetamines are powerful Central Nervous System stimulants that are often used for therapeutic purposes such as for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy and obesity. Because of their stimulating properties, they make the user feel energetic, alert and euphoric. Amphetamine abuse and addiction is becoming a significant problem in United States.
Amphetamines are potent Central Nervous System stimulants often prescribed for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and narcolepsy. Individuals with ADHD have a difficulty focusing and when CNS stimulants like amphetamines are used, the symptoms have been seen to improve a great deal. The drug increases the levels of certain neurotransmitters in the brain that produce feelings of pleasure. The drug is legally available in drug stores when prescribed by a registered medical practitioner. Other than that, it is also fairly easily available to the users as a street drug.
The group ‘amphetamines’ includes amphetamine, dextroamphetamine and methamphetamine. Amphetamine is further composed of two chemical compounds, dextrophetamine and levophetamine. Dextrophetamine is a more potent compound than levophetamine so dextrophetamine in its pure form is a stronger compound than mixture amphetamine.
Just like other street drugs, amphetamine is given a number of street names to avoid unnecessary attention. It is common to call drugs with their street names when they are not being used for their therapeutic purposes. Some common nicknames for the drug are:
And even more. This drug is widely abused by students who falsely consider it a mental capabilities enhancing drug. The drug can suppress hunger and sleep which is a desirable effect for students since it enables them to keep studying during exam without spending time on sleeping and eating. Some amphetamines are also commonly referred as ‘study drugs’ because of their widespread use by the students. Studies show that amphetamines are not helpful with improving cognitive abilities and grades even though they promote wakefulness. In fact, once the dependence is developed, exactly the opposite effects are caused by the drug.
Amphetamines are widely prescribed by the doctors for the treatment of:
The US Drug Enforcement Administration classifies amphetamine under Schedule II drugs which highlights the fact that this substance has a medical use but the possibility of people becoming addicted to it is very high. Amphetamines are among the most addictive substances available and it is very much possible to become addicted to them. Amphetamines are sold only under medical prescription issued by a doctor. Also, they can only be bought once with a medical prescription so the patient needs a new prescription every time he buys the drug. These measures are necessary to control the number of patients becoming addicted to. Despite these efforts, people still manage to get it via illegal means. Even people who use it under medical supervision for the treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy are at a risk of becoming addicted to it. So it is important to limit the exposure of patient to the drug and carefully control the amount he is taking. Amphetamines change the structure of the brain in such a way that patient fails to function normally in their absence. Also, the regular use develops tolerance and it takes much higher amounts of the drug to produce effects. Tolerance is among the very first signs of dependence.
Combining amphetamine with other drugs poses serious risks. Before proceeding to take amphetamine combined with another drug, consulting the doctor is very important. Amphetamine may react with other drugs and produce toxic reactions that can be fatal. For example, some antidepressants react with amphetamines and produce substances that are harmful for nervous system.
Combining amphetamines with alcohol is also dangerous because of the opposing effects produced by both the compounds. Amphetamines are Central Nervous System stimulants while alcohol is a depressant which means it slows down the brain functions. When both of these are combined, high blood pressure and hyperthermia are resulted. One of the most dangerous side effects associated with combining an upper and downer drug is that upper drug ends up masking the effect of downer drug that leads the user into overdosing the downer drug.
Combining amphetamines with Xanax and Adderall is just as much dangerous. No combination should be considered safe unless your doctor has approved it.
Amphetamine abuse is widespread in US. People belonging from all age groups are addicted to it. The most alarming situation is its fairly common abuse by students.