The recreational use of cocaine may develop into an addiction before the user even realizes it. Cocaine is one of the most addictive substances and it is widely being used in United States as a party drug. Despite the serious dangers associated with cocaine use, it continues to be popular among recreational users. It is a brain stimulant drug that speeds up the activities of the brain making the user feel euphoric, energetic and happy. Cocaine is categorized as schedule II drug by FDA which means it may have therapeutic uses when prescribed by a doctor but it also have high potential to develop abuse and addiction.
Cocaine is sold in the form of white powder that can be consumed in a number of ways such as snorting it, smoking it and injecting it. Multiple street names are given to the drug such as snow, coke, C, blow etc.
In 2013, 6% of all the patients admitted in rehabilitation centers suffered from cocaine abuse and addiction. Doctors and medical science widely recognize the fact that addiction is an illness that alters the structure of the brain so the treatment of any addiction is a must to enable the addict live a normal life again. A number of treatment options are available for cocaine addiction being offered in different rehabilitation centers.
Co-occurring conditions or double diagnosis is referred to a situation where a patient is diagnosed with another health condition apart from drug addiction. It is usually a mental illness. It is common for drug addicts to have a past. Most of them went through some emotional trauma that led them to drug addiction. It is important to diagnose and treat such underlying conditions. The recovery from addiction is not possible without the treatment of mental illness. Conditions like depression, anxiety etc can make a patient resort to the drugs in stressful situations. Diagnosing such conditions and treating them as well as treating drug addiction is an important part of any good rehabilitation plan. Before going for a rehabilitation center, such aspects should be kept in mind. Professional and well trained staff that knows how to do their job is the key part of any rehabilitation center.
Currently, there are no medications approved by FDA to be used for the treatment of cocaine addiction. Researchers are still working on this subject. However, a number of OTC drugs can be used to ease the symptoms of withdrawal and detoxification. For example antidepressants to manage depression, anti-anxiety drugs to deal with anxiety, sleep aids to help the patient sleep and painkillers to relieve pain.
A number of measures can be taken to prevent relapse after recovery. There always exists a chance of relapse so it is important to be careful in this regard. Following measures can help to decrease the chance of relapsing: