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Is Suboxone Addictive?

Suboxone is a medicine that contains buprenorphine as well as naloxone and in many cases it is prescribed for the use of opiate drug addiction. The way that Suboxone works is by helping an individual to reduce their withdrawal symptoms as they cease the use of opioid drugs. The buprenorphine inside of Suboxone will help to reduce the side effects while the additive of naloxone can prevent the potential tampering of the medication for individuals that are susceptible to substance abuse.

There are other formulas of medication that contain buprenorphine but it was found that many individuals that were being prescribed these medications were finding ways to change the delivery method or crush/manipulate the medication in order to experience a similar high to the opioids they were previously addicted to. With the previous problems with some of these medications, we know that there is potential to be addicted even to light opioid agonists that contain buprenorphine but is Suboxone in the category of being an addiction risk?

Just how addictive is Suboxone?

Buprenorphine produces an extremely mild effect that is designed for a long and slow duration. Where heroin and other opioids have an extremely short half-life, Suboxone is designed to continue a very long metabolizing structure. The risk of becoming addicted to medications which are based in buprenorphine are fairly low especially when compared to other opioids. Even though the drug is used in maintaining an opiate dependence, through the use of gradually tapering off the dose of the drug is possible for an individual to eventually progressed or treatment without becoming addicted to the medication.

Individuals that are being treated with Suboxone for opioid addiction do likely has an increased vulnerability to addictions on average but the addiction rate amongst Suboxone users is actually considerably lower even amongst individuals that are used to compulsively taking medications and opioids. They’re still does remain a possibility that a person could become addicted to Suboxone especially if their dose is not tapered off fast enough or they are unwilling to quit the medication entirely.

 

Naloxone the additive in Suboxone will only work if opiates are present in the body and it will not actually work towards reducing the symptoms or death to properties of Suboxone and it’s buprenorphine content. Even though naloxone is used primarily in treating overdoses it does not offer any additional support for addiction therapy. This additive is only used as a prevention method to prevent the abuse of Suboxone.

Compulsion and addiction:

Addiction can often be summarized as a behavior that is uncontrollable, dangerous to a person as well as regularly compulsive. Addiction develops naturally with the reward system in the brain especially when the brain becomes chemically dependent on a certain drug. Our brains natural process when we are stimulated is to release dopamine and this is a rewards chemical which can begin generating cravings in a cycle of chemical cravings.

Substances that can reach the brain very fast like heroin have a much higher attentional to begin this addictive cycle. As the speed and onset of pleasure is improved, the cycle of addiction also becomes riskier. Buprenorphine has an extremely slow onset that can last for up to 24 hours with mild effects. The brain’s reward system offers very low chance for compulsion or addiction because of this extremely slow onset of reward symptoms.

 

The reward system in Suboxone:

Buprenorphine can deliver fairly similar symptoms as other opioids but rather than a full-blown opioid it’s known as a partial agonist. Opioids like heroin did not have any type of limited which a person can remain unaffected when they hit a particular dose. Suboxone has almost a ceiling effect in which the effects will level off and continue to remain the same. This is what makes it so controlled and so perfect for slowly tapering off up. Because of this sense of control and the ceiling for the symptoms of rewards, Suboxone has a far lesser chance of triggering a dependency. Naloxone is a secondary determined that can also prevent the chance of potential misuse of the medication or a conversion of Suboxone diffidently become a short release Opioid. In many cases Suboxone can stay in the system of a person for up to eight days and most doctors would recommend taking it daily or small doses every few days towards the end of tapering off in an effort to completely remove Suboxone from the system.

The Suboxone, side effects?

The two main elements of Suboxone can come with side effects especially if they are misused. Long-term doses of Suboxone can often lead to the early signs of side effects as well. It’s extremely important to work with Suboxone use under medical supervision in order to create the most regulated doses. Generally at the first sign of side effects it’s extremely important that you work with a doctor to reduce your dosage or find a safe way to stop using Suboxone. Some of the main signs to watch for include:

  • Changes in mood: ongoing. Ability and mood swings can be one of the first signs of negative side effects. These are common negative side effects that can occur both from naloxone as well as buprenorphine.
  • Nausea: nausea and vomiting can be another big sign of the side effects of buprenorphine or a dose being ineffective in preventing withdrawal symptoms.
  • Fever: fever is one of the major signs of withdrawal and a common side effect of buprenorphine
  • Constipation: constipation can occur quite regularly with opioid use and buprenorphine can cause minor symptoms of constipation.
  • Fatigue and insomnia: buprenorphine can occasionally cause sleeplessness as well as fatigue as a result of an improper dose.

If you have potentially manipulated your dose of Suboxone or activated naloxone there are a number of negative side effects which often occur showcasing the early signs of withdrawal. Whether you have tried to abuse Suboxone by increasing your dose or attempted to manipulate the medication through a new delivery method, these are some of the first signs that you can tell if naloxone has been activated:

  • Stomach pain: sudden and intensive stomach pain is often a sign of withdrawal and nausea and vomiting can often go alongside the early symptoms of withdrawal.
  • Diarrhea: Naloxone can fill up opioid receptors without causing them to acting as a result diarrhea can begin. If diarrhea is able to process this can often lead to dehydration.
  • Body aches: body aches and the symptoms of flu including fever can continue over time with the activation of naloxone.
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness: Rather than the symptoms of opioids being sated, you may begin to feel the symptoms of lightheadedness or dizziness with a propensity to faint.

These are some of the biggest concerns that you should watch out for when taking Suboxone.

Suboxone remains a relatively safe option for reducing the negative side effects of withdrawal and for preventing severe health effects when overcoming an addiction to opioids. The components in Suboxone have a fairly low risk for addiction and treatment can often suppress all types of cravings or withdrawal symptoms as well as creating long-term plan that a person can use to become drug-free.