Xanax is known to cause addiction in pretty much the same fashion as any other drug, for example, the opiates. It alters the brain’s structure in such a way that it functions normally only in the presence of the drug. When used for extended periods of time, tolerance is produced and more amounts are needed to achieve the same effects. Tolerance may develop even when drug is used exactly as prescribed. It may develop quickly or after some time depending upon:
Generally, it takes few days to weeks to develop tolerance. The development of tolerance forces the user to take higher amounts of drug that results into addiction. A number of signs, symptoms and side effects are produced by abuse and addiction of Xanax that may help to find out if a loved one is struggling with Xanax addiction.
Xanax abuse leaves its signs and symptoms on body, mind and behavior of the addict.
Physical signs and symptoms:
Physical signs and symptoms of Xanax abuse include:
Mental and behavioral signs and symptoms:
Xanax abuse produces its effects on brain by changing its structure and function. Also, noticeable changes can be seen in the behavior of the addict.
Just like every other prescription medication, Xanax has its side effects. Side effects are produced even when it is used as prescribed. Abuse can result into even more severe symptoms. Side effects of the drug include:
Xanax abuse takes its toll on the body and mind of the user. It produces both long term and short term effects.
Short term effects:
Short term effects appear after the use of drug and generally disappear after some time. They do not cause any permanent damage and are often pleasant for the user. Short term changes may include:
The negative effects of medication start to appear even after using it for a very small time. These may include:
If Xanax is taken in much higher amounts, the results can be even more dangerous. Some users become confused and disoriented that keeps them from performing efficiently at everyday tasks.
Long term effects:
If Xanax is used for extended periods of time, the changes produced can be irreversible and the addict never fully recovers. Long term effects include:
Sedation is also considered to be a long term effect. For some people, sedative effects produced by the medication may last up to 3 to 4 days.
Though a little difficult, but it is possible to overdose on Xanax. Professionals recommend to not to take more than 2mg of Xanax at any given time to avoid overdosing. Xanax particularly proves to be fatal when combined with other Central Nervous System depressants so its use combined with alcohol is strictly prohibited. It is highly unlikely to overdose on Xanax alone and die. Deaths associated with Xanax usually involve another drug used with Xanax. Xanax overdose symptoms may include:
The treatment for Xanax overdose is possible and the procedure depends upon how much drug was taken and whether it was taken in combination with other drugs and medications. Usually, the medical professionals wash the stomach to remove as much unabsorbed Xanax as possible to prevent it from producing harmful effects. Medications that work as an antidote may also be given for example, flumazenil.